Summary Report։ ON COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION ON ACTIVITIES OF JUDICIARY DURING 2021-2022

The purpose of this report is to highlight the problems that hinder the effective operation of the judicial system and to provide applicable suggestions for reforms and problem solutions. The report is based on a comparative analysis of access to information on the activities of the judicial syst…

HELSINKI ASSOCIATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS LAUNCHES “TOWARDS AN INDEPENDENT AND TRANSPARENT JUDICIARY IN ARMENIA” PROJECT

Helsinki Association for Human Rights launches “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project from April 1, 2022. The project aims at increasing the accessibility of comparative information of judicial institutions and society about the quality of functioning of the courts …

Populist rhetoric following the velvet revolution in Armenia /Aram Kevorkian, HAHR volunteer/

In the months of spring of 2018, The Republic of Armenia witnessed the “Velvet Revolution”, a mostly peaceful transfer of power where the life-long oligarch Serzh Sargsyan stepped down of office following weeks of protests all over the country. The man who came on top was Nikol Pashinyan, a journ…

YOUNG PEOPLE FOR AN INDEPENDENT AND TRANSPARENT JUDICIAL SYSTEM: CRIMINAL JUSTICE MONITORING

Summary Report Monitoring is a part of any human rights related project, without which it is impossible to achieve tangible legal changes in public life. Human rights activists carry out monitoring to confirm or deny reports of human rights violations, collect evidence of violations, and other…

 “Young People for an Independent and Transparent Judicial System: Monitoring in Criminal Justice” Report Presentation

On the 30th of November, 2012 “Helsinki Association” human rights NGO summed up Legally educated young citizens as guardians of an independent and transparent judiciary pilot project launched on July 15, 2021. The project aimed to increase transparency in the criminal justice system of Armenia…

“Young People for an Independent and Transparent Judicial System: Monitoring in Criminal Justice” report presentation

On the 30th of November, 2012 “Helsinki Association” human rights NGO summed up Legally educated young citizens as guardians of an independent and transparent judiciary pilot project launched on July 15, 2021. The project aimed to increase transparency in the criminal justice system of Armenia…
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This web-site creation was made possible by the support of Counterpart International’s Civil Society and Local Government Support Program and the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International through “Helsinki Associaiton”. Content, views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s), and the responsibility of Helsinki Association and do not necessarily reflect the views of Counterpart Armenia, USAID or the United States Government.” 

 

2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Armenia

BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR

Executive Summary


ANNOUNCEMENT: The Department of State will release an addendum to this report in mid 2021 that expands the subsection on Women in Section 6 to include a broader range of issues related to reproductive rights.​


Armenia’s constitution provides for a parliamentary republic with a unicameral legislature, the National Assembly (parliament). The prime minister, elected by parliament, heads the government; the president, also elected by parliament, largely performs a ceremonial role. During 2018 parliamentary elections, the My Step coalition, led by Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, won 70 percent of the vote and an overwhelming majority of seats in parliament. According to the assessment of the international election observation mission under the umbrella of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the parliamentary elections were held with respect for fundamental freedoms.

The national police force is responsible for internal security, while the National Security Service is responsible for national security, intelligence activities, and border control. The Special Investigative Service (SIS) is a separate agency specializing in preliminary investigation of cases involving suspected abuses by public officials. The Investigative Committee is responsible for conducting pretrial investigations into general civilian and military criminal cases and incorporates investigative services. The National Security Service and the police chiefs report directly to the prime minister and are appointed by the president upon the prime minister’s recommendation. The cabinet appoints the heads of the Special Investigative Service and Investigative Committee upon the prime minister’s recommendations. Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces. Members of the security forces committed some abuses.

During 44 days of intensive fighting from September 27 to November 10 involving Armenia, Armenia-supported separatists, and Azerbaijan, significant casualties and atrocities were reported by all sides. After Azerbaijan, with Turkish support, re-established control over four surrounding territories controlled by separatists since 1994, a Russian-brokered ceasefire arrangement announced by Armenia and Azerbaijan on November 9 resulted in the peaceful transfer of control over three additional territories to Azerbaijan, as well as the introduction of Russian peacekeepers to the region. Since 1995 the final status of Nagorno-Karabakh has been the subject of international mediation by the cochairs of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Minsk Group (the United States, France, and Russia). There was also an outbreak of violence with casualties along the international border between Armenia and Azerbaijan near Tavush from July 12 to July 16. Following the September 27 outbreak of hostilities, the government declared martial law under which restrictions were imposed on freedoms of expression, assembly, and movement. The restrictions were lifted December 2, and only provisions for partial mobilization of troops remained in effect at year’s end. (See sections 1.a., 1.b., 1.c., 1.d., 5, and 6; and the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for Azerbaijan for conflict-related abuses.)

Significant human rights issues included: torture; arbitrary detention, although with fewer reports than in 2019; harsh and potentially life-threatening prison conditions; serious problems with judicial independence; arbitrary interference with privacy; trafficking in persons; crimes involving violence or threats of violence targeting civil society figures and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex persons; and use of the worst forms of child labor. Significant human rights issues connected with the Nagorno-Karabakh armed conflict included unlawful killings and civilian casualties.

The government took steps to investigate and punish alleged abuses by former and current government officials and law enforcement authorities. For example, throughout the year, an investigation continued into the culpability of former high-ranking government officials surrounding events that led to the deaths of eight civilians and two police officers during postelection protests in 2008.

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«Սասնա ծռեր»-ը դատապարտվեցին, ապստամբելու իրավունքը հաշվի չառնվեց

     110-ից ավելի նիստ,  երեք ու կես տարուց ավելի դատաքննություն․ ճիշտ այսքան տեւեց ոստիկանության ՊՊԾ գունդը գրաված «Սասնա ծռեր» 1-ի գործով դատաքննությունը։   Փետրվարի 24-ին հրապարակված դատավճռով դատավոր Մեսրոպ Մակյանը    «Սասնա ծռեր» 1-ի գործով անցող բոլոր 9 անդամներին մեղավոր ճանաչեց նրանց առաջադրված մեղադրանքներում։ Միաժամանակ դատավորն  արդարացրեց ոստիկան Գագիկ Մկրտչյանի սպանության մեջ մեղադրվող Արմեն Բիլյանին՝ ապացույցների բացակայության հիմքով։  Հիշեցնենք, ՊՊԾ գնդի գրավման ժամանակ  երեք ոստիկանների՝ Գագիկ Մկրտչյանի, Արթուր Վանո…

The Probation Service in Armenia compared to other developed nations: By Stefani Marinova, HAHR Volunteer, Canada

The Probation Service in Armenia compared to other developed nations By Stefani Marinova, HAHR Volunteer, Canada Probation in Criminal Law is the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. In some jurisdictions, the term probation applies …

ANNOUNCEMENT

Dear Colleagues, Beneficiaries, and Volunteers, Please be informed that the Helsinki Association continues its activity, bringing it in line with the rules of the martial law announced in the country. “HELSINKI ASSOCIATION” HUMAN RIGHTS NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION

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Press release: Summing-up of “Towards an Independent and Transparent Judiciary in Armenia” project

In April-July 2022, the “Helsinki Association” human rights NGO implemented the “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project. The project was aimed at increasing the accessibility of information on the activities of the judicial institutions through the use of a tried-and-tested court monitoring mechanism and by publicizing the results obtained through it, to provide a comparative analysis of the  activities of the system between 2021 and 2022 and proposals for reforms. The project is co-financed by the Polish development cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign…

Summary Report։ ON COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION ON ACTIVITIES OF JUDICIARY DURING 2021-2022

The purpose of this report is to highlight the problems that hinder the effective operation of the judicial system and to provide applicable suggestions for reforms and problem solutions. The report is based on a comparative analysis of access to information on the activities of the judicial system in the Republic of Armenia between 2021-2022. It also provides certain concerns of international and local organizations regarding the independence, impartiality, transparency and public access of the judicial system, as well as the low level of public trust in the system, among other existing…

Press release: Summing-up of “Towards an Independent and Transparent Judiciary in Armenia” project

In April-July 2022, the “Helsinki Association” human rights NGO implemented the “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project. The project was aimed at increasing the accessibility of information on the activities of the judicial institutions through the use of a tried-…

Summary Report։ ON COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION ON ACTIVITIES OF JUDICIARY DURING 2021-2022

The purpose of this report is to highlight the problems that hinder the effective operation of the judicial system and to provide applicable suggestions for reforms and problem solutions. The report is based on a comparative analysis of access to information on the activities of the judicial syst…

HELSINKI ASSOCIATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS LAUNCHES “TOWARDS AN INDEPENDENT AND TRANSPARENT JUDICIARY IN ARMENIA” PROJECT

Helsinki Association for Human Rights launches “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project from April 1, 2022. The project aims at increasing the accessibility of comparative information of judicial institutions and society about the quality of functioning of the courts …

Populist rhetoric following the velvet revolution in Armenia /Aram Kevorkian, HAHR volunteer/

In the months of spring of 2018, The Republic of Armenia witnessed the “Velvet Revolution”, a mostly peaceful transfer of power where the life-long oligarch Serzh Sargsyan stepped down of office following weeks of protests all over the country. The man who came on top was Nikol Pashinyan, a journ…

Press release: Summing-up of “Towards an Independent and Transparent Judiciary in Armenia” project

In April-July 2022, the “Helsinki Association” human rights NGO implemented the “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project. The project was aimed at increasing the accessibility of information on the activities of the judicial institutions through the use of a tried-…

Summary Report։ ON COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ACCESSIBILITY OF INFORMATION ON ACTIVITIES OF JUDICIARY DURING 2021-2022

The purpose of this report is to highlight the problems that hinder the effective operation of the judicial system and to provide applicable suggestions for reforms and problem solutions. The report is based on a comparative analysis of access to information on the activities of the judicial syst…

HELSINKI ASSOCIATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS LAUNCHES “TOWARDS AN INDEPENDENT AND TRANSPARENT JUDICIARY IN ARMENIA” PROJECT

Helsinki Association for Human Rights launches “Towards an independent and transparent judiciary in Armenia” project from April 1, 2022. The project aims at increasing the accessibility of comparative information of judicial institutions and society about the quality of functioning of the courts …

Populist rhetoric following the velvet revolution in Armenia /Aram Kevorkian, HAHR volunteer/

In the months of spring of 2018, The Republic of Armenia witnessed the “Velvet Revolution”, a mostly peaceful transfer of power where the life-long oligarch Serzh Sargsyan stepped down of office following weeks of protests all over the country. The man who came on top was Nikol Pashinyan, a journ…


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